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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the difference between Cosmetic and Reconstructive surgery?

Typically, the difference exists in the purpose of surgery. Cosmetic surgery performed with the primary goal of improving one's appearance. Reconstructive surgery is performed to improve personal health, body function or alleviate disease and is often considered medically necessary.

2. What benefits does Reconstructive surgery provide?

Medically necessary reconstructive surgery provides obvious health benefits . But even reconstructive surgery considered optional can help patients rid themselves of physical abnormalities. Reconstructive surgery has also been known to provide patients with higher self-esteem and confidence.

3. Does Reconstructive surgery have possible risks and complications?

All surgeries have risks. The specific risks will vary based on the particular reconstructive surgery performed. In general, reconstructive surgery poses a low risk of infection, problems related to anesthesia, excessive bleeding, bruising, slowed healing of the wound and additional surgical problems. Potential complications increase based on the patient's personal health history.

4. How long does it take to recover from Reconstructive surgery?

Most reconstructive surgery procedures require one to two weeks for healing . However, recovery time also depends on the patient and specific reconstructive surgery performed. Some patients are able to return to a normal routine immediately after a reconstructive surgery procedure, while others require several weeks to retain a normal level of functioning. In some cases, the final results are not clears for months.

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5. Does Reconstructive surgery leave any visible scarring?

When reconstructive surgery requires incisions, scarring is an inevitable side effect of the procedure. However, reconstructive surgeons are specially trained to minimize scar size and place them in inconspicuous locations.

6. What is hair transplant surgery?

A hair transplant is a surgical process of relocating the patient's existing hair to thinning or balding regions.

7. What are the benefits of hair transplant surgery?

Because the donor hair is transplanted from areas not susceptible to balding, the results last a lifetime.

8. Would I be a good candidate for hair transplant surgery?

An ideal candidate for a hair transplant is a healthy man or woman with realistic goals in combating hair loss. The potential hair transplant recipient should also have healthy hair growth in possible donor areas.

9. How long does it take to recover from hair transplant surgery?

In a day, the bandages will be removed during a follow-up visit. By the first week the sutures should be completely healed and the grafts naturally in place. To achieve desired results, more hair transplant procedures may be necessary with a buffer of a few months between sessions to allow for healing.

10. Are there complications or risks for a hair transplant?

Very few risks accompany a hair transplant. Infection is rare and easily avoidable if the post-operation instructions are followed and can be treated with antibiotics if it does occur. Scaring is inevitable, but usually the surgery leaves only virtually invisible marks.

11. What is liposuction?

Liposuction, also referred to as lipoplasty or suction-assisted lipectomy, is a surgical procedure that recontours the body by removing excess fat from specific areas, including the abdomen, hips, thighs, buttocks, upper arms, chin, and neck.

12. What are the risks associated with liposuction surgery?

All surgery involves some risk. Potential complications may include infection, bleeding, a symmetry or poor healing, skin pigmentation changes, and/or reaction to anesthesia.

13. How long is the recovery period?

The recovery period usually lasts from four weeks to six months , depending on the patient and the extent of the procedure . Swelling typically subsides after a week while bruising may last three weeks or longer. Usually patients can return to work after a week or two and resume more strenuous physical activity after two to four weeks.

14. Are the results of liposuction permanent?

The results of liposuction are usually permanent with a sensible diet and exercise. If the patient gains weight post-liposuction, the fat is usually distributed to other areas of the body.

15. What is a tummy tuck?

A tummy tuck - also known by its medical term abdominoplasty “is the surgical process of removing excessive fat and skin from a patient's lower and middle abdomen. A tummy tuck is also used to tighten the abdominal wall muscles. This body contouring procedure is an excellent way to rid oneself of stubborn fat in the mid section that does not respond to diet and exercise.

16. What are the benefits of a tummy tuck?

Because a tummy tuck extracts fat tissue and sagging skin, the procedure can produce a dramatically flatter and firm stomach and a slimmer waistline . This is one of the most popular plastic surgical procedures available. Most patients are satisfied with the results of a tummy tuck and report a stronger self-image.

17. Is anesthesia used during the tummy tuck procedure?

Yes, The surgeon will provide the patient with choices of anesthesia “administered by IV or gas "prior to the tummy tuck surgery. The choices will be discussed in detail with your tummy tuck surgeon beforehand.

18. Are there risks and complications to a tummy tuck?

As with any major surgery, there are some risks associated with tummy tuck surgery. Though rare tummy tuck surgery poses the risk of blood clots, infection and noticeably lose areas of skin following tummy tuck surgery. Poor healing could potentially lead to a second tummy tuck operation. To avoid further possible complications any plans of future weight loss or pregnancy should be discussed before the tummy tuck procedure. A competent and qualified surgeon will do everything to mitigate the risk of tummy tuck side effects.

19. Will I have a scar after the tummy tuck?

Scarring is inevitable . The tummy tuck procedure will produce a permanent scar at the site of incision. The size of the scar will depend on the procedure chosen.

20. What is a facelift?

Technically known as rhytidectomy, a facelift is a surgical procedure that smoothes loose skin on the face and neck, tightens underlying tissues and muscles, and removes excess fat.

21. What are the benefits of a facelift procedure?

A facelift can help to minimize visible signs of aging and enhance self-confidence by making the patient look younger and fresher.

22. What is rhinoplasty?

Rhinoplasty is a cosmetic surgery performed to reshape the nose by reducing or increasing its size, removing a hump, changing the shape of the tip or bridge, or narrowing nostril span.

23. What are the benefits of rhinoplasty?

Benefits of rhinoplasty can range from improved breathing to enhanced appearance and self-confidence.

24. What is breast augmentation?

Breast augmentation is a cosmetic surgery procedure, in which a qualified surgeon will insert a saline or silicone implant under the breast tissue or under the chest muscle, increasing the size of the breast. Breast implants can be inserted through an incision underneath the breast, in the periareolar (nipple) or the inframammary (incision in crease between the chest and breast). Implants can also be inserted through the belly button.

25. Am I a good candidate for breast augmentation?

Ideal candidates for breast augmentation may be women who wish to increase the size of their breasts for a number of reasons including

  • Women who feel their breast size is too small or disproportionate to their body.
  • Women who have developed uneven breasts and would like to achieve symmetry.
  • Women who have lost a large amount of weight and their breasts have shrunken.
  • Women whose breast size and shape changed after pregnancy .
26. What is breast reduction surgery?

Breast reduction surgery, medically referred to as reduction mammaplasty, is a plastic surgery procedure intended to reduce large breasts as well as to make them more symmetrical and proportioned to the rest of the body.

27. Am I a good candidate for a breast reduction?

The best candidates for breast reduction surgery are women whose breasts have fully developed and who are experiencing physical discomfort due to their breast size.

28. What are the benefits of breast reduction surgery?

Breast reduction surgery can remedy a number of problems associated with enlarged breasts, including : back and neck pain, shoulder strain, poor posture, skin irritation and infection, shortness of breath, difficulty participating in sports or other recreational activities, difficulty fitting clothes, social/sexual embarrassment.

Burns Treatment
  • Surgeries for treating Burns cases.
Hands & Microsurgery

The department offers a range of surgeries for patients suffering from birth deformities like cleft lip, cancer and replantation and revascularization of extremities for trauma patients.

Micro surgery is a sub-specialty performed with the aid of a microscope on structures that are barely visible to the naked eye. This sub-specialty mainly deals with ‘Replantations’ (reattaching severed parts of the limb).

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  • Congenital abnormalities: the most common hand problems in infants are syndactyly (webbed fingers) and polydactyly (extra fingers). In all hand surgeries and especially pediatric hand surgeries at Apollo Hospitals traumatic techniques (causing no tissue damage) are used.
  • Reconstructive surgery: Reconstructive hand surgery alleviates pain and helps correct deformities caused by tumors, nerve compression and arthritis. Many benign tumors of the hand and wrist don’t always cause pain, and subside soon. However, when pain persists or limits necessary function, removal is recommended and is almost universally curative.
  • Micro surgery: Replantation of a single finger or multiple fingers can be done through microsurgery. Even if multiple finger amputation has been done, one or more fingers can be replanted in a position that will allow functioning of the hand. Replantation surgery is followed by rehabilitative therapy for the hand.
  • Post - Trauma surgery and reconstruction: crush injuries, reconstruction with free flaps, etc.

Maxillo-Facial Surgery
  • Advanced Craniofacial Surgeries, Faciocranial and Maxillofacial Surgeries for cases of Tumors, Trauma, Developmental and Birth Defects.
  • Surgeries for healing wounds.
General Plastic Surgery And Reconstruction
Hair Transplants
FUE method.
Breast surgery
  • Breast augmentation: Enlarge and contour breasts with surgical implants; for inherently small-breasted women, women desiring larger breasts, and after pregnancy or nursing.
  • Breast lift / mastopexy: Remove excess skin and raise the nipple for perkier, fuller breasts; to counteract gravity, loss of elasticity, and sagging.
  • Breast reduction: Remove excess skin, breast, and fatty tissue for smaller, shapely breasts, and to reduce back and neck strain.
  • Nipple and/or areola reduction: Remove excess skin and tissue of the nipple and / or areaola to provide a more aesthetic appearance.
  • Nipple inversion repair: Flat or inverted nipples can be surgically corrected through a small incision around the areola.
  • Breast reduction (gynecomastia): Male breast tissue can be removed surgically by cutting, or with liposuction.

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Post weight loss surgery
  • Arm lift, thigh lift and buttock lift: minimal-incision surgery can be performed using tiny cameras and long instruments; for face, breast, and tummy.
  • Tummy tuck / abdominoplasty: repair abdominal muscle and remove excess fat and skin; especially beneficial after pregnancy or weight loss.
Genital cosmetic surgeries
  • Hymenoplasty: plastic reconstruction of the hymen in female genitalia.
  • Female genital surgery: reshape the labia for increased confidence and enhanced sexual experiences.
  • Penile enhancement: lengthen or widen the penis for increased confidence and enhanced sexual experiences.
Endoscopic procedures
  • Endoscopic facial surgery: Minimal-incision surgery using tiny cameras and long instruments; for brow lift, facelift, midface lift.
  • Breast augmentation: Enlarge and contour breasts with surgical implants; for inherently small-breasted women, women desiring larger breasts, and after pregnancy or nursing.
  • Carpal-tunnel release: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs most commonly due to the compression of the median nerve at the wrist where it passes through a narrow area called the carpal tunnel. The symptoms include numbness in the thumb, index, and middle fingers, especially at night, or upon waking up in the morning. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome can be treated by releasing the constriction through endoscopic or minimal access surgery.
Body Contouring Surgery
  • Liposuction / liposculpture: remove unwanted deposits of fat and contour the body with liposculpture: Small,Medium & Large.
  • Tummy tuck / abdominoplasty: repair abdominal muscle and remove excess fat and skin; especially beneficial after pregnancy or weight loss.
  • Belly button surgery: reshape the belly button; including creating a belly button that sits "in" rather than stands "out".
  • Body implants - chest, pec, calf, buttock : silicone implants enhance the appearance and contour of the upper chest, lower legs, or buttocks.

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