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What should I do to avoid bruising?

After the needle is removed from your vein the phlebotomist will give you a gauze pad. Place the gauze pad over the site where the needle punctured your skin and apply pressure over it with your thumb. To know if you have applied adequate pressure observe the nail bed of the finger used to apply pressure it should be paler than the rest of the nail. Pressure should be applied for at least 2 minutes. If you are taking certain medications for thinning your blood such as Warfarin, the pressure should be applied for at least 5 minutes. Once bleeding has stopped a band aid will be applied.

Do not rub the area as rubbing may dislodge the clot and lead to further bleeding and bruising.

Do not carry heavy weights/ hand bag on the same arm for at least one hour.

Recovery after giving blood sample

Only a small amount of blood is taken during the test so you shouldn't feel any significant after-effects.

However, some people do feel dizzy and faint during and after the test. If this happens to you, tell the person carrying out the test so they can help you feel more comfortable. After a blood test, you may have a small bruised area on your skin where the needle went in. Occasionally, a larger area of bruising may appear. This can be because there was a lack of pressure at the site of the jab or the blood vessel was damaged by the needle.

Bruises can be painful but are usually harmless. However, tell your doctor if you frequently get bruises after having a blood test.

Lab Test



U

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
URINE AFB - PCR EARLY MORNING SPECIMEN URINE STERILE CONTAINER 15-30ML ROOM NA, REFRIGERATED 72 HRS, FROZEN NA. 24 HRS PCR 10 DAYS, O/S (APOLLO CHENNAI)
URINE CULTURE MIDSTREAM URINE (MSU) FIRST, CAREFULLY CLEAN THE URETHRAL MEATUS. THEN VOID AND DISCARD THE FIRST 10 - 20 ML OF URINE IN ORDER TO CLEAR THE URETHRA. COLLECT THE SUBSEQUENT URINE INTO A CLEAN, STERILE CONTAINER BAG CATCH CSU , MSU,SUPRA PUBIC STERILE CONTAINER COLLECT APPROXIMATELY 15-30 ML OF URINE ROOM 1 HR, REFRIGERATED 48 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY CULTURE/SENSITIVITY. 48 HOURS
URINE PREGNANCY TEST (RAPID) NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 1 HR, REFRIGERATED 48 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS IMMUNO CHROMATOGRAPHY AFTER 24 HOURS
URINARY HAEMOSIDERIN NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A-1- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
URINARY MYOGLOBOLIN NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE SPECTRO PHOTOMETRY 4 HRS
URINE ACETONE NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 12DAYS R- 24 DAYS F>12 DAYS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER 4 HRS
URINE ALBUMIN (NEPHROLOGY) (CP002 / 1305) NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A->2HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER 4 HRS
URINE BENCE JONES PROTEIN NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS EARLY MORNING FIRST VOID SAMPLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER + MANUAL METHOD 4 HRS
URINE BILE SALT + BILE PIGMENTS NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER +FOUCHETS TEST+HAYS METHOD 4 HRS
URINE FOR EOSINOPHILS NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 1-2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
URINE FOR FAT GLOBULES NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
URINE FOR METACHROMATIC GRANULES NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
URINE FOR RBC ( CP003 / 1306) NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 1-2HRS R-1- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER + MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
URINE HAEMOGLOBIN NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER + SPECTROPHOTOMETRY 4 HRS
URINE KETONES NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER 4 HRS
URINE OCCULT BLOOD NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER + MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
URINE ROUTINE NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 1-2HRS R- 2 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER + MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
URINE TEST FOR ALBUMIN (DIPSTICK) NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A->2HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER 4 HRS.
URINE PROTIEN NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A->2HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER 4 HRS.
URINE UROBILINOGEN NOT APPLICABLE URINE 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED URINE ANALYSER 4 HRS.
URINE PROTEIN / CREATININE RATIO URINE SPOT NONE URINE URINE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 10 ML REFRIGERATED 1 WEEK FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS BIURET / JAFFE'S 3 HRS
UREA (SERUM) NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 2 TO 25°C FOR 7 DAYS FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS UREASE KINETIC 3 HRS
UREA (URINE 24 HRS) NONE URINE URINE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE TO REFRIGERATE DURING AND AFTER COLLECTION 10 ML 2 TO 8°C FOR 7 DAYS 15 TO 25°C FOR 2 DAYS AFTER 24 HRS COLLECTION UREASE KINETIC 3 HRS
UREA (SPOT / RANDOM URINE) NONE URINE URINE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 10 ML 2 TO 8°C FOR 7 DAYS 15 TO 25°C FOR 2 DAYS 24 HRS UREASE KINETIC 3 HRS
URIC ACID (SERUM) NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 2 TO 8°C FOR 7 DAYS 15 TO 25°C FOR 3 DAYS 24 HRS URICASE / PEROX 3 HRS
URIC ACID (URINE 24 HRS NONE URINE URINE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE TO REFRIGERATE DURING AND AFTER COLLECTION 10 ML 15 TO 25°C FOR 4 DAYS ADD SODIUM HYDROXIDE TO BRING THE PH BETWEEN 8 TO 9 AFTER 24 HRS COLLECTION URICASE / PEROX 3 HRS

V

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
VAGINAL CULTURE NONE HIGH VAGINAL SWAB,VAGINAL DISCHARGE, VULVAL SWAB, LABIAL SWAB STERILE CULTURE COLLECTING SWAB 2 SWAB ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 24 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY CULTURE/SENSITIVITY. 48 HOURS
VDRL (RPR) NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS FLOCCULATION TEST AFTER 24 HOURS
VZV - PCR NONE EDTA BLOOD VIOLET CAPPED VACUTAINER 3ML SEPARATE ASEPTICALLY PLASMA WITH IN I HOUR OF COLLECTION ROOM NA, REFRIGERATED NA, FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS PCR AFTER 7 DAYS(RANBAXY)
VZV IGG NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ELISA AFTER 7 DAYS O/S(RANBAXY)
VZV IGM NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ELISA AFTER 7 DAYS O/S(RANBAXY)
VOMITUS FOR HAEMOSIDERIN NOT APPLICABLE VOMITUS 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
VOMITUS FOR OCCULT BLOOD NOT APPLICABLE VOMITUS 50 ML PLASTIC TIGHTLY CAPPED CONTAINER 20 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE HEMOSPOT 4 HRS
VALPROIC ACID NONE BLOOD RED RED CAPPED VACUTAINER,DONOT INVERT THE TUBE. DONOT USE GEL BARRIER TUBE. 4 ML REFRIGERATED 1 WEEK FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS CHEMILULMINESCENCE 3 DAYS, O/S (ANAND LAB)
VANILLYLMANDELIC ACID (VMA) (24 HRS URINE) DRUGS - THEOPHYLLINE, CHOCOLATE, VANILLA, BANANA, ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, TEA / COFFEE, TOBACCO AND STRENMUOUS EXERCISE TO BE AVOIDED 72 HRS BEFORE SAMPLE COLLECTION URINE URINE CONTAINER WITH PRESERVATIVE 10 ML OF 6 N HCL 10 ML 2 TO 8°C FOR 15 DAYS WITH ADJUSTMENT OF PH <2.0 AFTER 24 HRS COLLECTION COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPHY 72 HRS
VASOACTIVE INTESTINAL PEPTIDES NONE BLOOD EDTA TUBE-LAVENDER CAPPED 4 ML MIX BY INVERSION CENTRIFUGE AND SEPARATE PLASMA AND TRANSFER TO PLASTIC VIAL AND FREEZE IMMEDIATELY SAMPLE BY 7TH OF THE MONTH RADIO IMMUNO ASSAY 3 WEEKS, O/S (LALPATH'S - USA)
VITAMIN B12 OVERNIGHT FASTING REQUIRED BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C FASTING CHEMILUMINESCENCE 24 HRS
VITAMIN D (25 –HYDROXY) NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 2 TO 8°C FOR 3 DAYS -20°C FOR 3 WEEKS 24 HRS ENZYME IMMUNO ASSAY 7 DAYS, O/S (APOLLO CHENNAI)

W

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
WEIL FELIX NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM NA, REFRIGERATED 2DAYS,FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS TUBE AGGLUTINATION AFTER 24 HOURS
WIDAL NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM NA,REFRIGERATED 2DAYS,FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS TUBE AGGLUTINATION AFTER 24 HOURS
WOUND CULTURE NONE EXUDATES PUS SWABS STERILE CULTURE COLLECTING SWAB 2 SWAB ROOM 2 HRS,REFRIGERATED 48 HRS,FROZEN NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY CULTURE/SENSITIVITY 48 HOURS
WBC COUNT [DIFFERENTIAL] NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS,R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY 4HRS
WBC COUNT [TOTAL] NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS, R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY 4HRS

X

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
XCYTON TB PULMONARY (NAAT-CHEX) NONE BONE MARROW/BRONCHIAL LAVAGE/BRUSHINGS /OTHER BODY FLUID/SPUTUM/URINE (EARLY MORNING) STERILE CULTURE COLLECTING SWAB COLLECT APPROXIMATELY 15-30 ML OF URINE IF A DELAY IN TRANSPORT OR PROCESSING IS ANTICIPATED, KEEP THE SPECIMEN AT 4O°C. 24 HRS NAAT CHEX AFTER 48 HOURS

Z

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
ZINC PATIENT SHOULD AVOID SEA / FRESH WATER FISH 3 DAYS BEFORE COLLECTION BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER METAL FREE 4 ML 2 TO 8 C 48 HRS FROZEN 1 WEEK SAMPLE BY MONDAY / THURSDAY 11 AM ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETRY 7 DAYS, O/S (LALPATH'S LAB)

Others

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
PROTEIN NONE PERITONEAL FLUID STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 10 ML REFRIGERATED 1 WEEK, FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS BIURET 3 HRS
LDH NONE PERITONEAL FLUID STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 10 ML 2 TO 8°C FOR 4 DAYS, 15 TO 25°C FOR 7 DAYS 24 HRS LACTATE- PYRUVATE UV 3 HRS
GLUCOSE  NONE  PERITONEAL FLUID  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE  10 ML  TO BE DONE IMMEDIATELY  24 HRS  HEXOKINASE/GLUCOSE & PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE 3 HRS 
PROTEIN  NONE  CSF  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE   4 ML  ANALYSE FRESH  24 HRS  PYROGALLOL RED  3 HRS 
LDH  NONE  CSF  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE   4 ML  ANALYSE FRESH  24 HRS  LACTATE- PYRUVATE UV  3 HRS 
GLUCOSE  NONE  CSF  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE   4 ML  ANALYSE FRESH  24 HRS  HEXOKINASE/ GLUCOSE-6- PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE  3 HRS 
CHLORIDE  NONE  CSF  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE   4 ML  ANALYSE FRESH  24 HRS  ISE ( DIRECT/INDIRECT)  3 HRS 
GLUCOSE  NONE  PLEURAL FLUID  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE   10 ML  TO BE DONE IMMEDIATELY  24 HRS  HEXOKINASE/ GLUCOSE-6- PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE  3 HRS 
PROTEIN  NONE  PLEURAL FLUID  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE   10 ML  REFRIGERATED 1 WEEK, FROZEN 2 WEEKS  24 HRS  BIURET  3 HRS 
LDH  NONE  PLEURAL FLUID  STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE   10 ML  2 TO 8°C FOR 4 DAYS, 15 TO 25°C FOR 7 DAYS  24 HRS  LACTATE- PYRUVATE UV  3 HRS 
GLUCOSE  NONE  URINE  CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE  10 ML  TO BE DONE IMMEDIATELY  24 HRS  HEXOKINASE/ GLUCOSE-6- PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE  3 HRS 
PROTEIN  NONE  URINE  CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE  10 ML  2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS  24 HRS  PYROGALLOL RED  3 HRS 

What Happens During A Blood Test?

Blood tests are carried out at Apollo hospitals by phlebotomists who are specially trained in the collection of blood.

A test usually involves placing a needle attached to a vacutainer into one of the blood vessels in the inside of your elbow or wrist. You will feel a sharp prick as the needle goes in but this isn't particularly painful.

A sample of blood is then taken and the needle is removed. You will be given a gauze pad to put pressure on the site of the injection, which stops any bleeding and should prevent bruising. Most blood tests only take a few minutes to complete.

Lab Test



R

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
RA (RHEUMATOID FACTOR) NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM NA, REFRIGERATED 2DAYS, FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS LATEX AGGLUTINATION AFTER 24 HOURS
RUBELLA IGG NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOFLUOROSCENCE ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
RUBELLA IGM NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOFLUOROSCENCE ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
RBC COUNT NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY 4HRS
RED CELL INDICES NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY 4HRS
RED CELL OSMOTIC FRAG.WITH INCUBATO NOT APPLICABLE WB SODIUM HEPARIN VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MANUAL 24 HOURS
RED CELL OSMOTIC FRAGILITY NOT APPLICABLE WB SODIUM HEPARIN VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MANUAL 24 HOURS
RETICULOCYTE COUNT NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 24HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4HRS
RBC FOLATE RECORD PCV VALUE ON THE REQUEST FORM EDTA (PLASMA) + BLOOD DO NOT FREEZE EDTA TUBE-LAVENDER CAPPED AND RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML(EDTA PLASMA) + 4ML(BLOOD) 2 TO 8°C FOR 72 HRS 24 HRS CHEMILUMINESCENCE 4 DAYS, O/S (LALPATH'S)

S

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
SCRAPINGS FOR FUNGAL SMEAR NONE SCRAPING MATERIAL STERILE CONTAINER NA NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY AFTER 24 HOURS
SERODIAGNOSIS OF HYDATID DISEASE NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ELISA AFTER 15 DAYS O/S(RANBAXY)
SERUM IGE NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOFLUOROSCENCE ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
SERUM PCT (PROCALCITONIN) NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS IMMUNO CHROMATOGRAPHY AFTER 1 HOUR
SMEAR FOR DIPHTHERIA NONE THROAT SWAB STERILE CONTAINER SAMPLES AS PER THE CULTURE QUANTITY IF A DELAY IN TRANSPORT OR PROCESSING IS ANTICIPATED, KEEP THE SPECIMEN AT ROOM TEMPERATURE 24 HRS MICROSCOPY AFTER 6 HOURS
SPUTUM CULTURE EARLY MORNINGOBTAIN SPUTUM SPECIMEN FROM A DEEP COUGH AND EXPEL INTO A CLEAN, STERILE CONTAINER. SPUTUM, ASPIRATE ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE SPUTUM STERILE CONTAINER COLLECT APPROXIMATELY 15-30 ML OF FLUID IF THERE IS A DELAY IN PROCESSING (>2 HOURS), REFRIGERATE SPECIMENS AT 2 – 8 C. LONG DELAYS (>24 HOURS) MAY COMPROMISE THE RECOVERY OF ORGANISMS SUCH AS HAEMOPHILUS SPP. AND NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS AND ALSO MAY ALLOW OVERGROWTH OF NON-FASTIDIOUS GRAM-NEGATIVE RODS 24 HRS MICROSCOPY CULTURE/SENSITIVITY 48 HOURS
STOOL FOR HANGING DROP NONE STOOL (FAECES) STERILE CONTAINER SAMPLES AS PER THE CULTURE QUANTITY ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 24 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY AFTER 6 HOURS
STOOL(FAECES) CULTURE NONE STOOL (FAECES) STERILE CONTAINER 1-2 GRAMS OR 5 ML IN CLEAN CONTAINER. ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 24 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY CULTURE/SENSITIVITY 48 HOURS
SEMEN ANALYSIS 3 DAYS ABSTINENCE SEMEN 50 ML TIGHTLY CAPPED CLEAN PLASTIC CONTAINER 1-2 ML A – 30 MIN BY APPOINTMENT ONLY. COLLECTION AT APOLLO HOSPITALS ONLY. CONTACT THE LAB FOR INSTRUCTIONS MICROSCOPY 24 HRS
SICKLING TEST NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/+ MICROSCOPY 4HRS
SMEAR ANALYSIS NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/+MICROSCOPY 4HRS
SMEAR FOR MALARIAL PARASITE NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ +MICROSCOPY 4HRS
SPUTUM CELL COUNT NOT APPLICABLE SPUTUM CLEAN STOPPERED PLASTIC TEST TUBE/ RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 1-2 ML R – 30 MIN F – 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
SPUTUM FOR EOSINOPHILS NOT APPLICABLE SPUTUM CLEAN STOPPERED PLASTIC TEST TUBE/ RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 1-2 ML R – 30 MIN F – 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
STOOL OCCULT BLOOD *See Below STOOL 50 ML PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH SPOON IN THE LID 5 GM R:1 HR NOT APPLICABLE HEMOSPOT 4HRS
STOOL REDUCING SUBSTANCE NOT APPLICABLE STOOL 50 ML PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH SPOON IN THE LID 5 GM A:1 HR NOT APPLICABLE BENEDICTS TEST 4HRS
STOOL ROUTINE NOT APPLICABLE STOOL 50 ML PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH SPOON IN THE LID 5 GM A:1 HR R:24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MANUAL 4 HRS
SUCROSE LYSIS TEST NOT APPLICABLE WB 3. 2% SODIUM CITRATE+ K2 EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A:3HRS R: 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MANUAL 24 HOURS
SUDAN BLACK "B" NOT APPLICABLE REPRESENTATIVE BONE MARROW ASPIRATE / SMEARS / PBS + CLINICAL HISTORY UNFIXED SMEARS MINIMUM 6 SMEARS BMA + PBS A: 24 HR NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 48 HOURS
SYNOVIAL FLUID ANALYSIS NOT APPLICABLE PLEURAL FLUID CLEAN STOPPERED PLASTIC TEST TUBE/ RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 5 ML R – 30 MIN F – 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE MICROSCOPY 4 HRS
SODIUM (SERUM) NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML REFRIGERATED 3 DAYS 24 HRS ISE (DIRECT / INDIRECT) 3 HRS
SODIUM (24 HRS URINE) NONE URINE URINE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 10 ML REFRIGERATED 3 DAYS AFTER 24 HRS COLLECTION ISE (DIRECT / INDIRECT) 3 HRS
SODIUM (SPOT URINE) NONE URINE URINE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 10 ML REFRIGERATED 3 DAYS 24 HRS ISE (DIRECT / INDIRECT) 3 HRS
SODIUM (PERITONEAL FLUID) NONE FLUID STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 4 ML REFRIGERATED 3 DAYS 24 HRS ISE (DIRECT / INDIRECT) 3 HRS
SLIDES REVIEW -- PARAFFIN BLOCKS/ STAINED/UNSTAINED -- -- -- -- MANUAL AND MICROSCOPY 1-2DAYS
SLIDES EXTRA -- PARAFFIN BLOCKS -- -- -- -- MANUAL 24 HOURS

* PATIENT PREPARATION FOR STOOL OCCULT BLOOD
AVOID ASPIRIN AND OTHER NON- STEROIDAL ANTI- INFLAMMOTARY DRUGS SUCH AS : IBUPROFEN, NAPROXEN FOR SEVEN DAYS PRIOR TO AND DURING THE TEST PERIOD. AVOID FOR 48 HRS PRIOR AND DURING THE TEST PERIOD VITAMIN-C IN EXCESS OF 250 MG/DAY, RED MEET ( BEEF, LAMB, LIVER ), RAW FRUITS, VEGETABLES (MELONS , TURNIP, HORSERADISH).

T

<td>THYROXINE, FREE T4

TEST NAMEPATIENT PREPARATIONTYPE OF SAMPLETYPE OF CONTAINERQUANTITY OF SAMPLE REQUIREDSTABILITY S/P/U/CSFSAMPLE COLLECTION TIMEMETHODTURN AROUND TIME
TB FERON NONE SERUM TUBE FROM RANBAXY EACH 1ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED NA, FROZEN NA   ELISA AFTER 15 DAYS O/S(RANBAXY)
TB IGA (TUBERCULOSIS) NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ELISA AFTER 2 DAYS O/S(ANAND DIAGNOSTICS)
TB IGG (TUBERCULOSIS) NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ELISA AFTER 2 DAYS O/S (ANAND DIAGNOSTICS)
TB IGM (TUBERCULOSIS) NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ELISA AFTER 2 DAYS O/S(ANAND DIAGNOSTICS)
TB PCR NONE BONE MARROW/BRONCHIAL LAVAGE/BRUSHINGS /OTHER BODY FLUID/SPUTUM/TISSUES/URINE (EARLY MORNING)(AFB 1+) STERILE CONTAINER COLLECT APPROXIMATELY 15-30 ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 7DAYS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS PCR 10 DAYS, O/S (APOLLO CHENNAI)
THROAT CULTURE NONE THROAT SWAB STERILE CULTURE COLLECTING SWAB 2 SWAB ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 24 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY CULTURE/SENSITIVITY 48 HOURS
TIP CULTURE & SENSITIVITY NONE CVP TIP STERILE CONTAINER TIP ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 24 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS CULTURE/SENSITIVITY. 72 HOURS
TISSUE CULTURE NONE TISSUE BIOPSY STERILE CONTAINER WITH NORMAL SALINE TISSUE BIT ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 24 HRS, FROZEN NA 24 HRS MICROSCOPY CULTURE/SENSITIVITY 72 HOURS
TORCH IGG NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS IF REACHES BEFORE SUNDAY 2.00 PM ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOFLUOROSCENCE ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
TORCH L IGM NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS WEDNESDAY AND SUNDAY ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOFLUOROSCENCE ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
TOXOPLASMA IGG NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOFLUOROSCENCE ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
TOXOPLASMA IGM NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOFLUOROSCENCE ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
TPHA NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS HAEM AGGLUTINATION TEST AFTER 2 DAYS O/S(ANAND DIAGNOSTICS)
TYPHIDOT IGM/IGG NONE SERUM RED CAPPED VACUTAINER/ YELLOW CAP VACUTAINER 4ML ROOM 2 HRS, REFRIGERATED 1WEEK, FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS IMMUNOBLOT & ENZYME IMMUNO ASSAY AFTER 24 HOURS
TC DC NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY 4HRS
THALASSEMIA SCREENING NOT APPLICABLE WB + SERUM + PERIPHREAL SMEARS K2-EDTA + PLAIN (RED TOP) VACUTAINER 3.0 ML (2.0 ML) R/F BEFORE TRANSFUSION/ 3 MONTH INTERVAL AFTER TRANSFUSION AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY + ELECTROPHORESIS 7 DAYS
THROMBIN TIME NOT APPLICABLE PLASMA 3. 2% SODIUM CITRATE VACUTAINER 2.7ML / 4.5 ML WB :< 2H PPP: A <4 HR R<24H -20°C -3 WEEKS -80°C- 3 MONTHS NOT APPLICABLE ELECTRO MECHANICAL DETECTION OF CLOT 4 HRS
THROMBOTIC PROFILE (OUTSOURCED TO SRL RELIGARE) FASTING PLASMA 3. 2% SODIUM CITRATE VACUTAINER THREE ALIQUOTS OF 1.5 ML EACH WB :< 2H PPP: A <4 HR R<24H -20°C -3 WEEKS -80°C- 3 MONTHS BEFORE HEPARIN THERAPY / NOT DURING ACUTE EPISODE ELECTRO MECHANICAL DETECTION OF CLOT, CHEMILUMINESCENCE 7 DAYS
TOTAL COUNT (IIB, TLC, DEC) NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY 4HRS
TOTAL LEUCOCYTIC COUNT NOT APPLICABLE WB K2- EDTA VACUTAINER 3 ML A- 2HRS R- 24 HRS NOT APPLICABLE AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER/ MICROSCOPY 4HRS
TESTOSTERONE, FREE NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 2 TO 8 C FOR 24 HRS FROZEN 4 WEEKS SAMPLE BY MONDAY AND THURSDAY BY 11 AM ENZYME IMMUNO ASSAY 7 DAYS, O/S (LALPATH'S)
TESTOSTERONE TOTAL NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8 C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C 24 HRS CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
THEOPHYLLINE SERUM NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML REFRIGERATED 1 WEEK FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS CHEMILUMINESCENCE 3 DAYS O/S (ANAND LAB)
TRIGLYCERIDES (SERUM) OVERNIGHT FASTING REQUIRED BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 2 TO 8°C 7 DAYS 15 TO 25 C 2 DAYS FASTING LIP / GK COLORIMET 3 HRS
TRIGLYCERIDES (PERITONEAL FLUID) NONE FLUID STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 10 ML 2 TO 8°C 7 DAYS 15 TO 25°C 2 DAYS 24 HRS LIP / GK COLORIMET 3 HRS
TRIGLYCERIDES (PLEURAL FLUID) NONE FLUID STERILE CONTAINER WITHOUT PRESERVATIVE 5 ML 2 TO 8°C 7 DAYS 15 TO 25°C 2 DAYS 24 HRS LIP / GK COLORIMET 3 HRS
TOTAL IRON BINDING CAPACITY (TIBC) - - - - - - CALCULATED VALUE (S.IRON + UIBC) 3 DAYS, O/S (ANAND LAB)
TRANSFERRIN NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C 24 HRS CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
TRANSFERRIN SATURATION NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C 24 HRS CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH) SAMPLE TO BE DRAWN BETWEEN 9 AM TO 11 AM BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C SAMPLE TO BE DRAWN BETWEEN 9 AM TO 11 AM CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
THYROXINE, T4(TOTAL) OVERNIGHT FASTING REQUIRED BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C OVERNIGHT FASTING REQUIRED CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
SAMPLE TO BE DRAWN BETWEEN 9 AM TO 11 AM BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C SAMPLE TO BE DRAWN BETWEEN 9 AM TO 11 AM CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
TRIIODOTHYRONINE T3(TOTAL) OVERNIGHT FASTING REQUIRED BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C OVERNIGHT FASTING REQUIRED CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
TRIIODOTHYRONINE FREE T3 SAMPLE TO BE DRAWN BETWEEN 9 AM TO 11 AM BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML 15 TO 30°C FOR 8 HRS 2 TO 8°C FOR 48 HRS > 48 HRS AT -20°C SAMPLE TO BE DRAWN BETWEEN 9 AM TO 11 AM CHEMILUMINESCENCE 6 HRS
TRIPLE TEST (2ND TRIMESTER, 14-20 WEEKS) BLOOD TO BE DRAWN BETWEEN 14 TO 20 WEEKS BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML REFRIGERATED 1 WEEK FROZEN 2 WEEKS 24 HRS CHEMILUMINESCENCE 7 DAYS, O/S (APOLLO CHENNAI)
TZANCK SMEAR NIL SCRAPPINGS FROM BLISTERS ON GLASS SLIDES -- -- 24 HRS H & E, MGG 1 HR
TROPONIN - T NONE BLOOD GREEN COLOURED VACUTAINER - SODIUM HEPARIN 4 ML TO BE DONE IMMEDIATELY 24 HRS OPTICAL DETECTION 3 HRS
TISSUE TRANSGLUTAMINASE IGA ANTIBODY NONE BLOOD RED CAPPED VACUTAINER 4 ML REFRIGERATED 1 WEEK FROZEN 4 WEEKS 24 HRS ENZYME IMMUNO ASSAY 7 DAYS, O/S (LALPATH'S)

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