Keratolytic means, breaking of keratin (a tough fibrous protein that forms part of the skin structure), leading to shedding of old, wrinkled or scarred upper skin layer and revealing deeper, inner softer and lighter skin.
It means lipid/fat loving, salicylic acid is oil soluble and Lipophillic, it penetrates sebum filled follicles and cleans out clogged pores, resulting in marked improvement in acne prone skin. It is able to dissolve oil and hardened sebum (the secretion of glands on the face back, responsible for formation of blackheads and whiteheads) and deeply cleanses the pores. Salicylic acid peels are remarkable effective in preventing acne, drying up excess oil and in clearing up pustules. In acne, salicylic acid helps slow down shedding of the cells inside the follicles, preventing clogging Salicylic acid also helps to break the formed blackheads and whiteheads.
anti-inflammatory refers to the ability of the peel to reduce inflammation, inflammation means pain, redness and swelling.
The salicylic acid peel is mildly numbing when applied and hence causes less stinging sensation during the treatment.