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Functional Neurosurgery

Apollo has been in the forefront of surgery for Parkinson's disease from as early as '60s and '70s. Apollo Speciality Hospital has brought the latest in surgery for Parkinson's disease- Sub Thalamic Nucleus (STN) Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS). Similar to a Cardiac Pacemaker, here also a pacemaker is implanted into the brain. The procedure is done under local anesthesia. The results are visible immediately and are sustained.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a complex procedure, which involves inserting an electrode into the STN (deep in the brain) done under local anesthesia, where the main focus is on patient safety and adherence to a patented algorithm. This treatment is based on the premise that high frequency stimulation of the sub-thalamic nucleus (STN), deep in the brain, alleviates symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Stimulating electrodes are implanted in the STN using stereotactic neurosurgical navigation, supported by intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring. The electrodes are connected to a battery operated pulse generator, fixed under the skin (none of them are visible from the outside). The implanted pulse generator is programmed, from the outside, for optimal stimulation of the STN. Program parameters can be adjusted using an external programmer. The device can be switched on/off by the external programmer. Protocol beginnings from imaging to implantation, the steps of which are standard across all centers adapting the process, are followed rigidly. These Procedures are highly technical, sophisticated, and elaborate & required extensive training.

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Deep Brain Stimulation is also effective for other movement disorders like dystonias, essential tremors, some psychiatric disorders like Obsessive compulsive disease and chronic depression, severe alcoholism, severe chronic pain, uncontrolled seizures etc. Apollo Specialty hospital has the expertise and the equipment to take up treatment of these complex diseases and help thousands of such patients.

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